Search Guide

Instructions for searching

In this guide we show you the basic features of Arcanum's Digital Search. This is a fast and transparent search system we are building from the beginning and continuously developing.

Use the features listed here to make complex search terms by typing the indexes into the search box.

Indexes

SZO Full text In this case the search system does not distinguish between accented figures and finds the inflected forms of the expression.
ESZO Full text (precise) Shows only the pages with exactly the same form of words.
BKMK Author and title of articles You can search for authors and titles in articles in this index. Important notice: Processing of authors and titles of articles is only available for scientific journals. In daily newspapers and weekly magazines you only have the opportunity to search for authors and titles of articles in the full text.
EBKMK Author and title of articles (precise) Same as the previous one, it only provides accurate results.
AUTI Author and title of a book Search for title and author of books or year of journals.
EAUTI Author and title of a book (precise) Same as the previous one, it only provides accurate results.
DATE Date Sort the results according to years. In daily newspapers you can also narrow down the time for a given day. Format: yyyy-mm-dd

The default index is the SZO. If you do not use any other indexes the given word may appear in accented form or inflected.

Truncation

* replaces any number of characters
? replaces 0 or 1 character
! replaces only 1 character

 Operators

AND Lists the pages that contain both sides of the expression.
OR Lists the pages that appear on at least one side of the expression.
NOT Lists pages that contain only the left side of the expression
nW Lists the pages that contain the given words at a distance to a given word, in the correct order. You can enter an arbitrary number for n, like 3W, 10W, 0W. 
nN Lists the pages that contain the given words at a distance to a given word, in any correct order. You can enter an arbitrary number for n, like 3N, 10N, 0N. 

Examples

Results include all the words you typed:

  • petőfi OR kossuth (link)
  • petőfi OR jókai (link)
  • petőfi OR jókai OR kossuth (link)
  • petőfi OR kossuth OR jókai OR arany (link)

Search for expressions

Using the quotation mark you will get results where the words are next to each other. The same functionality can be accessed by using the 0W operator. The two examples below show the same results:

  • "petőfi sándor" (link)
  • petőfi 0W sándor (link)

Exact terms

If you want to get the most exact match, you need to search in the exact index (ESZO) and use the 0W operator or the quotation mark:

  • ESZO=("petőfi sándor debrecenben") (link)
  • ESZO=(petőfi 0W sándor 0W debrecenben) (link)

Results containing the keywords at a certain distance

  • Csokonai 1W Mihály  (link)
  • magyar 3W múzeum  (link) Results like: Magyar Nemzeti MúzeumMagyar Természettudományi Múzeum… etc.

This gives you the opportunity to search for pages that have specific words close to each other. The example below shows the result of a 10 words distance search:

  • Petőfi 10W Kossuth 10W Arany 10W Jókai (link)

In optional sequence:

  • Petőfi 10N Kossuth 10N Arany 10N Jókai (link)

Excluding words

You may want to filter out some false results. In this case you can use the NOT operator.

  • bor NOT ESZO=(bőr*) (link)

Narrowing the date interval

The following example on Sándor Petőfi lists the references before the Revolution in 1848:

  • "Petőfi Sándor" AND DATE=(1840--1847) (link)

You may also search for specific days. It is important to know, that this option only gives accurate results for journals that appear on a daily basis.

  • "Petőfi Sándor" AND DATE=(1840-05-13--1843-04-17) (link)

Search for author and title of articles

These features can only be accessed in journals where article-level processing has been performed. It is important to note, that this feature is not available for daily newspapers or weekly magazines. In this case you can only find article titles and authors using full-text search.

  • SZO=(petőfi) AND BKMK=(Lengyel László) (link) – This search shows the articles mentioning Sándor Petőfi written by the author László Lengyel
  • BKMK=(Lengyel László) (link) – This shows all the articles written by László Lengyel
  • BKMK1=(Lengyel László) (link) – This shows only the first pages of the articles written by László Lengyel

Complex examples

You can search for those documents that appeared between 1845 and 1846, include Sándor Petőfi, but do not contain Lajos Kossuth:

  • "Petőfi Sándor" AND DATE=(1845--1846) NOT "Kossuth Lajos" (link)

Or try the same using truncation characters. Here you can filter out possible misspellings or errors of the optical character recognizer.

  • Pet!fi* 0W Sándor* AND DATE=(1845--1846) NOT (Kossuth 0W Lajos*)(link)

 

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